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Saunterings:  Walking in North-West England

Saunterings is a set of reflections based upon walks around the counties of Cumbria, Lancashire and North Yorkshire in North-West England (as defined in the Preamble). Here is a list of all Saunterings so far.
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199.  Ten Features of Lancaster, Five Old, Five New

In order to structure a walk about the fine city of Lancaster, and to provide a basis for reflecting on its past and future, I decided to focus on ten features of Lancaster – five old (er than a hundred years) and five new (er than thirty years).

I set off first for Lancaster Castle, Lancaster’s top tourist attraction, especially now that you don’t have to commit a serious misdemeanour to be welcome inside. The castle closed as a prison in 2012 and the inside now provides a civilised space, with courtyard and café. The castle was built on the site of the Roman fort and, being in the county town, was one of Lancashire’s most important buildings. Court cases are still held in the castle although Lancashire’s main Crown Court is now in Preston.

From the castle I headed west along Dallas Road, looking for Masjid al Noor, the Lancaster Islamic Society. The centre (built in the 1990s and still being developed) keeps a low profile, literally as it seems to be below the level of surrounding buildings and hidden by high walls. I noticed no sign to say that it was there. I hope this isn’t an indication that Muslims feel it necessary to hide away within the community. According to the 2021 census, 1.9% of the 142,000 people in the Lancaster District registered as Muslim, most of whom live in the city of Lancaster (population 68,000).
lancaster castle         masjid al noor

Left: Lancaster Castle gatehouse (the standard modern photo is too familiar, so instead here's one taken (not by me) before the cottages on the right were demolished in 1876);  
Right: Masjid al Noor, the Lancaster Islamic Society.

I continued along Dallas Road to the canal, where there were a number of Sunday morning strollers, enjoying the peace and the sight of a swan with an excessive number of cygnets. I then left the canal to walk along a path signposted to the Fairfield Nature Reserve. The Fairfield community has fought a commendable long-term campaign to protect these fields from the housing plans that have been placed upon almost all other fields around Lancaster. There is now a haven for nature but I must admit to being a little disappointed. The well-maintained path provides a rather sterile white avenue, through cow parsley and hawthorn, with only occasional views out over the surrounding fields. I didn’t see anything unusual but I suppose a view of a few cows has become a rarity for city-bound residents.

From the reserve I headed east through suburban streets to the Quaker Meeting House. Lancaster being the historic county town, it is blessed with a number of notable churches. While we may admire the remarkable skill of those church builders I always think that the money expended could have been better used to help the general populace. The Quakers seem to have a more down-to-earth approach to such matters. The Lancaster Meeting House is a modest, vernacular building built in 1708, replacing one of 1677, and subsequently extended. George Fox, founder of the Quakers, preached in Lancaster several times, and consequently was also several times a guest of the afore-mentioned prison.
Fairfield Nature Reserve         Lancaster Meeting House

Left: Fairfield Nature Reserve;   Right: Lancaster Meeting House.

After some more walking along Lancaster streets I emerged at the bank of the River Lune. Here there have been major changes in the last decade or so. For many years this was a region of derelict warehouses and mills, the remains mainly of the linoleum factories that formed Lancaster’s main industry in the early part of the 20th century. Now they have been replaced by upmarket houses and flats overlooking the river. At least, they would overlook the river if they could see it over the high wall built to prevent flooding of those houses and flats.

Incidentally, I noticed among the new roads a William Priestley Park. I had not come across this name in my readings of the history of Lancaster and I sometimes wonder just what you have to do to be immortalised in a street name. It turns out that Sir William Priestley (1859-1932) was MP for Bradford at a time when many of his constituents holidayed in Morecambe, which became known as Bradford-on-Sea. He became president of the Morecambe Royal National Lifeboat Institution, with a lifeboat launched in 1933 bearing his name. On the other hand, he was (according to Wikipedia) “outspoken in his opposition to women’s suffrage”.

Further along the riverside I passed old warehouses converted to flats, plus the Custom House, built in 1764 and now the Maritime Museum. This building is a measure of the wealth of Lancaster in the 18th century, when it was a significant port. It is not a port at all today. It was always a challenge for boats to get upstream along the shallow Lune, especially when the tide was out, and, of course, it became impossible as boats became larger.
lune and new houses         custom house

Left: The River Lune with new houses on the left bank;   Right: Custom House, Lancaster.

From the Custom House there’s a view of Millennium Bridge, built, naturally, to mark the new millennium. It was a controversial bridge, because of the cost, the design and perhaps the two fingers aloft (these were supposed to remind us of masts of ships gone by). Nowadays the bridge is accepted as a welcome addition to Lancaster, especially by walkers and cyclists from the north of the river, who can now avoid the busy road bridges, Greyhound Bridge and Skerton Bridge.

I walked on to Skerton Bridge through some of the suburb of Skerton. The cottages overlooking the river have charm, others less so. Skerton Bridge was designed by Thomas Harrison (who was also responsible for the Crown Court in Lancaster Castle) and completed in 1787. It is said to be the first large public bridge in England to have a flat roadway. Between the five semi-elliptical arches there are shrine-like structures that look like they deserve a statue (I don’t know if there ever were any). The bridge must have been solidly built to carry the weight of traffic it has today.
Millennium Bridge         Skerton Bridge

Left: Millennium Bridge;   Right: Skerton Bridge.

Over the bridge I turned north to approach one of the more surprising recent additions to the Lancaster skyline, a multi-storey, orange, horseshoe-shaped building that confronts visitors to Lancaster from the motorway. It is on what used to be called Kingsway but I don't if that or any other name applies to the new building. It says ‘Bridge Square Apartments’ at the base but that uninspiring name may not apply to the whole building. It was built only after much debate about it replacing a protected building (the bus depot which closed in the 1990s) – but if you look carefully you can still see a little of the original building behind the supports.

This is not the highest new building in Lancaster. It has been overtaken by a block for student accommodation just to the west, and that too will probably soon be overtaken by another such block being constructed nearby. None of them is the highest building in Lancaster – that is probably the Ashton Memorial, by virtue of being atop a hill to the east.

I set out to walk to the memorial. I hadn’t memorised the way, thinking that any of the lanes on the Ridge estate heading more-or-less in the right direction would do. Unfortunately, some of the lanes are dead-ends, with no warning at the open end that that is so, and some of the paths between them are easy to miss. Eventually, I emerged onto the open fields of Williamson Park, which was busy with parties having picnics in the sunshine.

The Ashton Memorial was built in 1909 for Lord Ashton (1842-1930), born James Williamson, who’d made his fortune from the afore-mentioned linoleum factories, established by his father. When we moved to the district in 1977 the Ashton Memorial had been abandoned to fall into ruin. At that time Lancaster residents did not look fondly on what they called ‘the structure’, which was probably a legacy of an acrimonious dispute between Lord Ashton and his workforce. For decades the two linoleum manufacturers (Williamsons and Storeys), who had a virtual duopoly of employment in the city, had collaborated over pay levels and refused to allow their workers to join unskilled trade unions. Lord Ashton duly left the region, miffed at the lack of gratitude after he'd donated the equivalent of £40 million today for local causes. The Ashton Memorial was, however, restored in 1985-1987 and is now well-appreciated by Lancaster residents – and well-seen by travellers on the M6.
orange building         ashton memorial

Left: The orange building;   Right: Ashton Memorial.

Overall, it is clear that Lancaster has lost the modest industrial base that it had. It had died, although the corpse was still visible, fifty years ago but there is little trace of it now. Which raises the question: just how does Lancaster pay its way today?  They are plenty of ‘services’ but can we all get by by servicing one another?  Does Lancaster produce anything to ‘export’?  Graduates, I suppose. The main growth area in the city seems to be student accommodation, which seems a risky strategy. It only takes a government to make foolish decisions about student grants and visas and there may be fewer students and even universities.
lancaster

Lancaster from the Ashton Memorial

    Date: May 19th 2024
    Start: SD476619, Lancaster bus station  (Map: 296)
    Route: W – Lancaster Castle – S on Dallas Road, SW by canal, W – Fairfield Nature Reserve – N past Millennium Orchard, on Ashfield Avenue, E on Westbourne Road – Lancaster Meeting House – N, W, N on West Road and Lune Road – River Lune – E along St George's Quay – Millennium Bridge – N over bridge, NE – Skerton Bridge – NE, SE along miscellaneous roads through the Ridge estate – Williamson Park – W – Wyresdale Road – W through Scotch Quarry Urban Park, NW – bus station
    Distance: 6 miles;   Ascent: 100 metres

The following item:
     200.   Up Hazelhurst Fell in the New National Landscape
The two preceding items:
     198.   The Bitterns and Marsh Harriers are Booming
     197.   Around the Windmills of My Mind, Metaphorically Writing
Two nearby items:
       83.   Gray's Seat and the View from the Crook o'Lune
     130.   By the Lancaster Canal and the River Lune
A list of all items so far:
               Saunterings

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    © John Self, Drakkar Press, 2018-

Blencathra

Top photo: The western Howgills from Dillicar; Bottom photo: Blencathra from Great Mell Fell